Uma viagem pela evolução nas cavernas de Lascaux e além
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An Incredible Journey through Evolution in the Lascaux Caves and 3 Others – Diving into the Depths of Cave Art

INTRODUCTION

Our journey into the depths of cave art will take us through the famous Lascaux caves and beyond. As we explore artistic evolution, we will delve into the mysteries of prehistory and decipher the expressions of prehistoric tribes.

I. Lascaux Caves: Gateways to the Past

By examining the works of Aurignacian artists (circa 30,000 B.C.) in the Chauvet Cave, Vallon-Pont-d’Arc, Ardèche, France, we observe that they could create masterpieces comparable to the finest cave art of the Magdalenian period (12,000-17,000 B.C.). From the remarkable skills of the artists to comparisons with other notable manifestations in Europe, such as the caves of Altamira, Lascaux, and Niaux, near the Pyrenees, it becomes evident that observing Paleolithic paintings is inherently challenging. Thus, a steady progression from simple to more complex representations does not seem to have occurred as linearly as expected.

II. Evolution of Paleolithic Art: A Temporal Journey

We will trace the artistic journey over the last 20,000 years of the Upper Paleolithic era. This section will cover the influence of Aurignacian culture, from its initial crude outlines to the classification of works in terms of time and space, highlighting the unique evolution of Paleolithic art.

Evolution of Paleolithic Art - An Incredible Journey through Evolution in the Lascaux Caves and 3 Others
Source: Andre Leroi-Gourhan in “The evolution of Paleolithic art.” (1968)

III. Vivid Representations of Prehistoric Tribes

We will delve into the intersection of art and anthropology, exploring the artistic representations of prehistoric tribes in the caves of Chauvet and Altamira, Lascaux, and Niaux. By critically examining existing theories about the origins of art, we will highlight the non-linearity in the progression of artistic representations. Yet, it is noticeable that some form of evolution seems to have occurred, even amidst seemingly abstract signs and much-debated meanings.

IV. Cultural Heritage and Enduring Artistic Expressions

We emphasize theimportance of cultural heritage and how Paleolithic artistic expressions transcend time, leaving a lasting legacy. In this regard, extensive painting activity before the Solutrean period can be indirectly dated, as evidenced by a 26.9 Kyr old piece of bone extracted from a fissure crossing a hand stencil in Gargas. We highlight the expectations of future discoveries, which may reveal more about paintings preceding the Chauvet Cave and caves like Lascaux, for example.

CONCLUSION

We conclude our journey into the depths of cave art, a fascinating exploration of prehistory that calls us to reflect on the roots of human artistic expression. Feel free to leave a comment and share the post if you enjoyed it. See you in the upcoming posts and releases from the Blog.

Sources

  • Leroi-Gourhan, Andre. “The evolution of Paleolithic art.” Scientific American 218.2 (1968): 58-73.
  • Valladas, H., Clottes, J., Geneste, J. M., Garcia, M. A., Arnold, M., Cachier, H., & Tisnérat-Laborde, N. (2001). Evolution of prehistoric cave art. Nature, 413(6855), 479-479.

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