Pixel Art Online: Evolution, Techniques and Applications
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Pixel Art Online: Evolution, Techniques, and Applications


This article explores the evolution and application of pixel art, a digital visual representation technique associated with the aesthetics of video games. By analyzing its predominance in digital games, its contemporary relevance in various forms of visual expression, and its aesthetic and emotional implications, pixel art is highlighted as a dynamic and relevant artistic medium in the digital age. Next, we will see how pixel art online works and how it fits into the context of digital games and other similar matters.

What is Pixel Art?

Pixel art is a form of digital visual representation that emphasizes the pixel as the fundamental unit in image creation. This technique, intrinsically linked to the classic aesthetics of video games, uses specific conventions to highlight the role of the pixel in forming an image. According to Downing et al. (2009), the pixel is defined as one of the individual points that make up a graphic image, while Govil-Pai (2004) describes it as a point of light on the computer screen configurable in different colors.

Pixel Art Online in Digital Games

Pixel Art in Digital Games, a traditional technique of visual representation through pixels, was predominant until the popularization of 3D in the 90s. Although it has been largely replaced, it continues to be preferred by independent developers due to its simplicity compared to 3D. However, creating pixel art online can be laborious and require trial and error, especially when animating characters. A tool to optimize the creation process can be valuable in simplifying this task.

Graphic Representation Style

A graphic representation style explores two contrasting trends: one that distorts and simplifies forms, and another that seeks fidelity of proportions and realism, even within the limitations of pixel art online. These trends influence how characters are represented in digital games, affecting the empathic relationships between player and character. Abstraction is fundamental in this context, as it deals with the simplification or complexity of visual elements in a representation. Abstraction is not a dichotomy between realism and simplification, but rather a scale of possibilities that varies between more complex and simpler forms when it comes to Pixel Art Online.

Configurative Artifices

We emphasize the importance of exploring beyond the main representation of the character in pixel art games. Different narrative elements and interface elements can offer opportunities to reveal the character in new angles and deepen their visuality, contributing to greater empathy from the player. These artifices, more than rigid rules, are suggestions to enrich the visual experience of the character and enhance their empathic potential.


Pixel art, even limited by hardware restrictions, has evolved considerably with the advancement of technology, becoming a versatile and attractive technique for various applications. Today, in addition to its traditional role in the development of digital games, it is widely used in website design, art production, and much more. The ability of pixel art online to convey nostalgia and its unique aesthetics continue to enchant artists and viewers, standing out as a dynamic and relevant artistic medium in the digital age.


  • TELOCKEN, Alex Vinícios et al. Pixel Art: a simplified art technique for Digital Drawing. Symposium on Research and Development in Computing, v. 1, n. 1, 2016.
  • DE ASSIS SOUZA, Felipe. Optimizing the process of creating 2D character pixel art for digital games through the SpriteGen tool. 2017. Doctoral Thesis. Federal University of Pernambuco.
  • SILVEIRA, Rowan Henrique Sarmento. Visual empathic potential in Pixel Art characters: a design framework for digital games. 2017. Master’s Thesis. Federal University of Pernambuco.


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